Geographical facts of India to boost your general knowledge

Geography of India

This post on geographical facts of India is a part of basic geographical facts which can increase your general knowledge and help in competitive exams as well. With no further ado, here we go

India’s Geographical Location

India lies in the Asian continent and Northern Hemisphere between parallels of latitude 80 4’ and 370 6’ North and between the meridians of longitude 6807’ and 97025’ East. In the west, India shares its boundary with Pakistan In the South, Sri Lanka is India’s neighboring country In the north, Nepal and China are the neighboring countries. In the east, Bangladesh and Myanmar are the two major countries which surround India. In south-east of India, there is the Bay of Bengal, in south-west, it is the Arabian Sea and in South, it is the Indian Ocean and in the north, it is surrounded by the Himalayan range of mountains.

Important dimensions of India

1. India covers 2.4 percent of the Earth’s surface. 2. Total land area of India is 32,87,263 sq.km 3. Distance from east to west is 2,933 km 4. Distance from north to south is 3,214 km 5. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep islands and Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km. The coastline of the only mainland is about 6300 km

The important Geographical Structures of India

Major rivers of India

The longest Indian river is Ganga, its length is 2,640 km. The other major rivers of India are Indus (has five major tributaries: Sutlej, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Beas), Brahmaputra, Godavari, Krishna, Narmada, Tapti, Cauvery, Damodar, Mahanadi, and Periyar. The world’s largest delta is Sundarbans in West Bengal, is made by the Brahmaputra and the Ganga.

Mountains

They are Himalayas (highest mountains in the world and one of the youngest mountain ranges), Vindhya, Satpura, Sahyadri, Aravallis (one of the oldest mountain ranges in the world). Patkai (Purvanchal or Eastern mountains), and the Eastern Ghats.

Soil

The following table shows various types soils and related information [table id=19 /]

Agriculture

Agriculture in India: More than 50 percent of the area of the country is under the cultivation and about 64% of the Indian population is engaged in agriculture. There are two major crop seasons in India, viz, Rabi and Kharif

Rabi

It is sown in October or December and harvested in April or May. Major crops are barley, wheat, peas, gram, and mustard.

Kharif

It is sown in June, or July and harvested in September or October. Major crops are baja, cotton, jowar, rice and jute. Some interesting facts about Indian agriculture 1. Green Revolution was launched in India in 1967-68 for improving agricultural productivity. 2. Operation Flood was initiated in 1970 and mainly aimed at improving the milk production in India. 3. Yellow Revolution for improving oil seed production. 4. Blue Revolution for fisheries.

Forests

India has about 2% of the world’s area under forest cover. About 21% India is covered by forest. The target as per the national forest policy is to cover 33% of the area by forests. Important National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries: [table id=20 /] How’d you like this post, please share your thoughts in comments.

Gratuity Act & Calculation everyone should know

Gratuity Act, Meaning, Rules, Eligibility, Calculation & Tax in India

Here in this post, we will discuss Gratuity Act, meaning, its eligibility and how to calculate gratuity and gratuity calculator that every employee should know and enjoy. But before going ahead, let me know you if you have completed 4.5 years in this same organization and are in notice period?
If yes, then I think this post means a lot to you. Please read it mindfully and then rethink your decision.
Very often you get calls from recruitment cell and direct emails to your inbox. Sometimes you ignore, sometimes you entertain them. And at few times, if you are interested, you have your interviews and get selected and finally, join a new company. This process continues, and you keep practicing job hoping and keep changing your employer year after year.
There would be hundreds of valid reasons when you change your job. One such dominating reason is money. But it is worth to give a check to your number of terms with the present organization before making a final move. Sometimes, you might not know and lose a good sum of money, if you could have stayed a few months more in your previous organization.
So the bitter truth, which I guess will shock you, is that switching jobs year after year is neither good for your reputation in industry nor for your pocket.
Yes, we are talking about gratuity. A time-bound, universal benefit given by every employer to its every employee in every organization governed by gratuity act, provided that employee fulfills the required terms and condition. And at the same time, it is very important for you that you should know about gratuity and how gratuity calculator works. It is your right to know what treasure gratuity has inside it.
Well, before we head to gratuity calculator and how to calculate gratuity, let’s first know in brief about gratuity and benefits it holds for you.

Gratuity Meaning

Gratuity (meaning in Hindi is उपहार) is the part of the salary that is received by an employee from his/her employer in gratitude for the services offered by the employee in the company. Gratuity is a defined benefit plan and is one of the many retirement benefits offered by the employer to the employee upon leaving his job for various reasons, such as – retirement/superannuation, for a better job elsewhere, on being retrenched or by way of voluntary retirement.

Gratuity Act & its applicability

Earlier, it was not compulsory for an employer to reward his employee at the time of his retirement or resignation. But in 1972 the government passed The Payment of Gratuity Act that made it mandatory for employers with more than 10 employees to pay gratuity.
A shop or establishment to which the Act has become application shall continue to be governed by the Act even if the number of person employed falls below 10 at any subsequent stage.
Trainees and interns are not eligible for this compensation.

Gratuity Eligibility

Gratuity shall be payable to employees:- On his resignation and retirement On his death On his superannuation After he has rendered continuous service for not less than five years Note: However, the condition of five years of continuous service is not necessary if service is terminated due to death or disablement. If an employee with more than five years of experience in a company is terminated due to misconduct followed by legal action on him then he is no more eligible for gratuity.

Calculation of Gratuity: Gratuity Calculator

Gratuity is one of the least understood components of salary Formula to calculate gratuity

Gratuity=Last Basic+ DA*15/26*No. of years

Gratuity in India

After 5 years of completion, six months or less to be ignored and more than six months to be counted as a full year.
For 5 year 1 month to 5 months, takes 5 years
For 5 year 6 month to 11 months, takes 6 years
Below we have illustrated it further with an example:
Date of joining of X is 01. 12.2002 Date of Resignation of X is 31.12.2008 Total wages of X is Rs. 5000.00 (Basic Rs.2500.00, DA is Rs.1250.00, HR is Rs. 750.00, CA is Rs.500.00) The number of years Eligible for Gratuity: Date of Relieving: 31.02. 2008 Date of Joining: 01.12.2002 So a total number of working years is 5 year Hence, Eligible Gratuity Amount (Basic+DA/26) *15 days wages per year *No.of the year completed 2500+1250*15*5/26

Now Let’s use the gratuity calculator below, and calculate the exact amount that employee will get. You can also use Microsoft Excel for handy calculation.


Hope, you got the calculation 🙂
More Information on Gratuity
Nomination from F needs to be filled by the employee at the time of joining.

Tax on Gratuity & Exemption as per IT Act

Any gratuity received by an employee of the Central Government, State Government or local authority, on death or retirement is fully exempt from tax.

The payable nontaxable amount of Gratuity is as per the calculation or Rs.20,00,000 whichever is less.

Looking for more information and facts? Refer to below links.
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